This must not be the first time that you hear about female genitalia mutilation in Africa, where people cut young women’s or even a baby’s clitoris using just a dirty razor and no pain medication. While women in Hollywood and the entire world are trying to teach men that they can only decide what happens on their bodies, women in Africa have absolutely no say on what happens to them. Countries like Indonesia, Somalia and Guinea have more than 95% of their female population’s genitalia mutilated, since they believe that this practise should be performed at them as well as men. They claim that it is religious-based, but the reasons behind it are far from that. The mutilation has three different types, with the third being the most absurd. What remains the same in all three types is that the consequenses are vast and they scar women for the rest of their lives.
FGM started as a religious practice, but has now taken a cultural dimension
FGM started from Islam as a religious practise, but it later moved to various other countries where people do not follow the Islamic religion. There, the practise took different meanings, which all aim to keep a woman trapped in her house and loyal to her husband.
The various reasons behind female genitalia mutilation
People in many african societies believe that FGM can ensure a woman’s virginity before marriage, her fertility, her fidelity to her husband and will prevent her clitoris from growing long like a penis. They also do it in order for a woman to feel absolutely no pleasure during intercourse.
The three types of female genitalia mutilation
In the first type (Sunna Circumcision) only the tip of the clitoris is being cut off. In the second (Clitoridectomy) the labia of women is cut off along with her clitoris. In the third and most drastic type (Infibulation or Pharaonic Circumcision) the clitoris and labia are completely removed and the skin that remains is being stitched together leaving just a small hole from where women can urinate.
The female genitalia are considered dirty and unsightly
The World Health Organization believes that about 100 to 140 million women have suffered FGM around the globe, with 90 million of them living in Africa. Countries like Britain, Canada, France, Norway, Sweeden, Switzerland, and the United States have banned the practise.